Urdu-English Masala-Spice Chart

Want to cook an authentic Indian or Pakistani meal but confused by all the foreign terms? Perhaps this will help. This is a guide to spices with Urdu and English equivalents.


Urdu name of spice or herb English name of spice or herb
Kala zeera Black cumin 1
Kali mirchi Black pepper 2
Kala namak Black salt 3
Gur Brown sugar (jaggery) 4
Elaichi Cardamom 5
Ajwain Carom seed 6
Hindiba Chicory 7
Dharchini Cinnamon 8
Hara thania Cilantro 9
Loong Cloves 10
Copra Coconut 11
Thania Coriander 12
Sufed zeera Cumin 13
Kuree patta Curry leaves 14
Sonf Fennel seeds 15
Methi Fenugreek 16
Lehssan Garlic 17
Adrak Ginger 18
Hari mirchi Green pepper (jalapeno) 19
Jautri Mace 20
Aamchoor Mango (dry / powdered) 21
Pudina Mint 22
Jauz Nutmeg 23
Kalonji Onion seeds 24
Anar dana Pomegranate seeds 25
Hush hush Poppy seeds 26
Lal mirchi Red pepper (cayenne pepper) 27
Zafran Saffron 28
Namak (White) Salt 29
Imli Tamarind 30
Haldi Turmeric 31
Chini / Shakkar (White) sugar 32



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